ICDP and IOM cooperation
In the Manica province of Mozambique, ICDP is participating in a project managed and supported by IOM (International Organization for Migration).
Mozambique, is one of the poorest countries in the world, ranking 181st of 188 countries in the 2016 Human Development Index (HDI). Facing structural weaknesses and low child protection capacities, the need for increased access to protection services is even more relevant in emergency settings, especially in a country such as Mozambique, which is recurrently affected by disasters and natural hazards, such as drought and floods, affecting thousands of people in the country and frequently causing displacement. According to UNICEF the devastating consequences of natural disaster, combined with political tension and crises, in the most recent years include: 600 schools destroyed every year; 2,200 classrooms destroyed and 150,000 students affected; over 2.1 million people in food and nutrition insecurity, leading to a higher caseload for acute malnutrition in provinces like Tete, Zambézia and Sofala.
Emergency settings can critically exacerbate existing vulnerabilities and manifestations of exploitation and human trafficking, GBV and may decrease access to education and health, including for displaced, unaccompanied and separated children. Exposure to disruption, loss, and violence associated with emergencies places significant psychological and social strain on children, their families and communities. It is essential that social and psychological issues are not ignored while homes are rebuilt, social services re-established and livelihoods recommenced. It is now widely accepted that early psychosocial interventions must be an integral part of humanitarian assistance. The way in which children and families experience and respond to conflicts and disasters varies greatly, yet with the right support the majority will be able to overcome these difficult experiences.
Taking into account inherent risks and current displacement, action will be implemented in four districts of Manica province in Mozambique, which have been selected jointly by, UNICEF, ICDP Mozambique and the UN Agency for Migration - IOM based on existing vulnerabilities of displaced populations, whereby each organization will work in four of these. Psycho-social assistance and related support will target Manica province and the districts Mussurize, Gondola, Vanduzi and Barué.
2. Project Approach
The project will address existing vulnerabilities and protection needs and aims to strengthen the resilience in high-risk areas. It responds to the need to provide direct psychosocial support to affected children and communities, and expand the pilot phase of the UNICEF supported project Increasing Protection and Preventing Exploitation in Emergency Settings in Mozambique, to further strengthen the protection approach at district and local levels in the target areas.
Building upon the positive experience from the previous project and focusing on building the capacities of the Community Child Protection Committees (CCPs), Local Committees for Disaster Risk Management (CLGRC) and to some extent District Reference Groups on Child Protection and Combating Human Trafficking (DRG), the project will increase the geographic coverage of capacity building and prevention activities and support the implementation of the Referral Pathways for the protection of vulnerable populations in emergency settings.
The overall objective of the project is to increase the access of vulnerable populations, in particular internally displaced and migrant children, to protection systems and services in crises affected areas in Mozambique.
The action will contribute to the attainment of two main Outcomes:
• Community based systems to protect vulnerable populations in emergency settings are further strengthened and referral pathways, including for victims of gender-based violence and human trafficking, are implemented
• Displaced and vulnerable children and their families receive targeted and quality psycho-social support
The project is managed and supported by IOM. The main partner in the intervention will be ICDP. ICDP is taking into account experience gained from its development activities in child protection prior to the emergency. ICDP is working in Mozambique since 2004 and it´s domain of work and expertise is competence building in the field of psychosocial and emotional care of disadvantaged children through upgrading the quality of care of their caregivers, parents, and networks of care. ICDP work has proved to be effective and has a wide outreach impact. ICDP uses a facilitative approach, and incorporates the local practices of child-care encouraging positive traditional values, aims to sensitize caregivers to the child's qualities and needs and make them aware of their own ability to provide loving care and guidance.
INGC will be the main counterpart for the component aimed at increasing protection in emergency settings. Local Committees for Disaster Risk Management, the Community Child Protection Committees and District Reference Groups, and their individual member institutions, will be the main government beneficiaries at the local level.
IOM and ICDP Mozambique have long been working closely with the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Action (MGCAS) at central and provincial level, which will be built on in planning and implementing this program. At every stage, IOM and ICDO will coordinate with the MGCAS and others partners.