ICDP in Zambia

The ICDP training in Kitwe took place in mid July 2019.

The ICDP programme’s core principles will serve as the foundation for promoting sensitivity towards the needs and rights of children among parents and caregivers in the Child Sensitive Social Protection Project (CSSP) project in Lufwanyama. The ICDP programme with its series of parenting session will be contextualized to the local situation. 

ICDP has already started the training 19 potential facilitators who include staff members of Save the Children (SCI), JCTR (local NGO partner) in the CSSP project and members of the Community Welfare Assistance Commiitttes (CWAC). 
The first workshop was conducted by Nicoletta Armstrong during 15-17 July 2019 and the second one will take place in early October 2019.

Background
According to the baseline study undertaken by Save the Children International (SCI) Zambia (as part of the Child Sensitivity Social Protection (CSSP) project) in Lufwanyama, 59% of the household heads are female and only 33.9% of the household heads had upper primary education. Over 66% of the households’ heads sourced income from agriculture related activities. The mean household size is 6 and 65.5 % of the houses are made of muddy bricks suggesting the level of poverty that exists in the proposed project intervention zone. Over 39% of the household heads has a chronic illness with 11.5%of the household heads having severe disability. Only close to 64% of the households could afford two meals a day. It is therefore not surprising that about 30% households had children who had dropped out of school in the past one year and over 29% of the households had children involved in work contributing to household income.

There is a strong body of evidence that social protection transfers can positively impact the pathways and drivers for achieving breakthroughs for children, particularly those for the survival and healthy growth of all children and for child learning through good quality basic education. Evidence from many contexts consistently shows that social protection transfers to poor households can improve access to and use of education and health services, food intake, dietary diversity, family food security and asset accumulation.  There is also widespread evidence that social protection transfers can reduce child labour  as well as, from more limited examples, supporting safer behaviours among children. 

However, evidence also shows that providing cash (as part of social protection transfers) alone brings about limited results on higher level outcomes for children, such as improved learning, health and nutritional status and protection.  Such higher-level impacts for children are often additionally dependent on other factors. These factors may include: knowledge and practices of appropriate child care and parenting among parents, care-givers and communities; the availability and accessibility of local basic services; service quality and accountability to users; and household investments made in children. Complementary actions to address these factors, based on context-specific analysis, can potentially be effective in strengthening the impacts of cash transfers for children in poverty, especially at the outcome level.

In order to ensure that Social Protection (more specifically social cash transfer in Lufwanyama, Zambia) is child sensitive, complementary actions as part of the overall Child Sensitive Social Protection approach need to be built into the CSSP project. Key complementary actions proposed in the CSSP project include; i) enhancing child sensitivity of parents, caregivers, community members and ii) improving transparency and accountability in the delivery of basic services relevant to social protection interventions for children. 

The findings from the KAP study undertaken by Save the Children in Lufwanyama clearly suggests and  reinforces the need for implementing “parenting” as a key complementary intervention to the existing Social Cash Transfer in order to achieve the objectives of the CSSP project and to ensure that SCT can lead to positive outcomes for children, especially those  from the most deprived and marginalized households. 

The aim is for the ICDP programme to be well planned, designed and implemented in a way that there is a strong appetite for its uptake and replication among other actors/ donors/ government departments and Ministries in Zambia working with Social Protection.