New evaluation of ICDP in Nepal

A new evaluation of ICDP is now available.

A report from a pilot study in Nepal was prepared by PhD Ane-Marthe Solheim Skar for Save the Children. The title of the study is:

A Quantitative Pre- and Post-assessment Study of a Parenting Intervention linked to the Child Grant and Child Endowment Fund in Nepal

Background: Social protection is recognized as an important intervention to fight childhood vulnerability and poverty in Nepal as well as other developing countries. Save the Children has introduced the ICDP parenting programme in 2017 as a key social protection ‘plus’ activity based on the understanding that complementary interventions can make social protection more impactful.

Objective: This report describes results from two pilot studies in Nepal. In pilot study 1, Child Grant for
Children under five years, baseline (before the introduction of the parenting programme) and endline
data (after the introduction of the parenting programme) will be presented from one intervention arm
and one control arm in Kavre, Nepal. The intervention arm received the parenting/ caregiver
programme as well as the government child grant cash transfer, whereas the control arm only received
the government cash transfer. In pilot study 2, baseline and endline data from caregivers who received
cash from the Child Endowment Fund, as well as baseline-endline data from a sub-group of their children and the children´s teachers are presented.

For the caregivers taking part in the Child Grant for Children under five years, the parenting intervention included 14 sessions covering social protection programmes, parenting skills, family budgeting, nutrition, and education. Each session had pre-designed content and process qualities. Session 2 to 9 was based on the ICDP programme. For the Child Endowment Fund, the intervention was the same, but with focus on the importance of education and setting limits to child labor instead of nutrition (session 12 and 13), as this intervention is generally focusing on slightly older children. The topics covered are:

1: Social protection

2: Introducing ICDP

3: Empathy

4-5: Emotional dialogue

6-7: Meaning dialogue

8-9: Regulative dialogue

10-11: Family budgeting

12-13: Nutrition / education and child labor

14: Child work and importance of education.

Results: Caregivers in the Child Grant for Children under five years reported that their biggest worries were related to children`s education, followed by health, money, and feeding the family. At baseline, the caregivers reported a high mental health burden, and low level of warmth and high level of invasion towards their child. Caregivers also reported high levels of physical punishment. The results showed that the intervention group reported improved scores at endline on several caregiver outcomes, such as positive interaction with the child, less corporal punishment, and improved mental health, as well as improved caregiver reported child outcomes, such as social functioning, learning, somatic and mental health.