ICDP Report 2009
Activity report 2010
ICDP Newsletter 2011
MONTHLY NEWS YEAR 2011:
DECEMBER (Back to Home)
HISTORY OF ICDP
Karsten Hundeide and Henning Rye: The early history, development and
basic values of ICDP
following is an updated version of the lecture given at the ICDP
conference in Denmark 2010.
To read click here
Armstrong (on the left, photo above), one of the founders of ICDP, has
the new ICDP International chair and Ylva Snekkvik (on the right) the general
This outline gives a general overview of main
developments around the world, since the official founding of ICDP in
1992. In some countries ICDP presence lasted over ten years with
hundreds of projects, whereas in others developments were on smaller
scale, even though they may have lasted for many years. This outline
offers a description of the scope of ICDP development in a country,
without listing each specific project. -
To read click here.
Pedro Mendes visited Congo
in the second half of November, to assess
the viability of implementing the ICDP Program in some of
the current projects that are linked to the SDIA network. The leaders of the Albadi school project in Inkisi,
are particularly interested in establishing future cooperation with ICDP. The
ICDP program seems
highly relevant for this project, which encompasses not only a school,
but also a shelter home for orphaned children, as well as a program of
assistance for families. One of the suggestions is to set up a pilot project
that would form a core
group of ICDP trainers; that way Albadi could become a centre for training for staff
in both governmental and non governmental organizations, spreading best
practice and knowledge about good quality adult-child interaction, with
the objective of assisting large numbers of children at risk, including
children accused of witchcraft. In
Kinshasa, possible cooperation with UNICEF was explored through a
meeting with the head of Child
ICDP AND CHILDREN'S RIGHTS
The Child Abuse & Neglect The International Journal (November
2011 issue published the article "ICDP approach to awareness-raising
about children's rights and preventing violence, child abuse, and
neglect" written by Karsten Hundeide and Nicoletta Armstrong.
Child Abuse & Neglect The International Journal,
provides an international, multidisciplinary forum on all aspects of
child abuse and neglect, with special emphasis on prevention and
treatment; the scope extends further to all those aspects of life which
either favour or hinder child development. While contributions will
primarily be from the fields of psychology, psychiatry, social work,
medicine, nursing, law enforcement, legislature, education, and
anthropology, the Journal encourages the concerned lay individual and
child-oriented advocate organizations to contribute. It is the official
Publication of the International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse
and Neglect (ISPCAN):
ABSTRACT OF THE ICDP ARTICLE:
In April 2011, the Committee on the Rights of the Child issued the
General Comment No. 13 on the right of the child to freedom from all
forms of violence. Its Article 19 declares that "protective measures
should, as appropriate, include effective procedures for the
establishment of social programs to provide necessary support for the
child and for those who have the care of the child." One available
social program that focuses on providing support for parents, caregivers
and children is the International Child Development Program (ICDP),
which is presented in this article. The ICDP is designed to influence
and improve the quality of contact and relation between the caregivers,
usually parents, and children, through the practical application of the
eight themes or guidelines for positive interaction. The Convention on
the Rights of the Child is a value-based legal document ratified by most
countries in the world. This is a significant achievement and it gives a
new basis and legitimization for a more humane treatment of children all
over the world. Nevertheless, it is important to understand that there
is a big gap between a legal document describing ideal conditions for
children at a macro-governmental level and its implementation at the
micro level of families and communities. The ICDP is another expression
of the same humanitarian spirit as it is encoded in the convention of
children' rights. ICDP can be put in practice in any community to create
positive conditions for the fulfilment of fundamental children's rights:
the right to be protected from violence and to receive the loving care
and guidance from the immediate environment which is required to ensure
healthy human development. Introducing children's rights is likely to
have a major impact on families (and all levels of authorities) if
efforts are also made to activate awareness and deeper bonding to
children as persons. Without a deep activation of a more humanized and
caring relationship to children, provided by social programs such as
ICDP, the advocacy for children's rights may become an empty shell
without its basis in human realities.
Colombia: A group of young facilitators carried out an ICDP intervention
with young people with problems due to drug addiction. The experience is
summarized in the report by Luciana Aristizabal - click here to read.
Link to see
a short video on facebook:
is happy to announce that Snøhetta Design are creating a new logo
for ICDP. They are offering this work, free of charge in
support of our work. A logo is essential for the promotion of ICDP and
we are very grateful to Snøhetta for offering us their expert services,
which would have been far beyond our means. The logo will be presented
at the beginning of next year.
designer Kristian Allen Larsen:
Snøhetta are really looking forward working for a good cause like ICDP; we are glad that we can contribute by developing a new image and
profile for ICDP, which will communicate who they are as an
organization. ICDP is an important organization and should have a
logo that catches people's attention - a good logo helps to be seen and
heard. We sincerely hope that ours will be a positive contribution for the
future development of ICDP worldwide”.
Snøhetta Design is a brand and design consultancy incorporated with
Graphic designer Kristian Allen Larsen at Snøhetta`s location in Oslo
AN ICDP STORY FROM AUSTRALIA
the ICDP trainer in Brisbane sent us the following story: - I got a
phone call from one of the ladies who completed the ICDP course at the
end of last year. She is the 4th person to make a full recovery and
come back into education in order to work in the sector and help others
– thanks to the small ICDP pilot project we did last year. Her children
were taken away from her by Child Safety because of her drug problems:
she had overdosed and passed out on the floor of the house. Her 8 year
old daughter found her and ran to the local shop to get help. She was
taken into hospital and then sent to the Moonyah
Drug and Alcohol
When she joined the ICDP program she had only completed about 6 weeks
of the 10 month program at Moonyah and I can’t begin to tell you about
the shame she felt that it was her 8 year old daughter who saved her
life and had to deal with such a traumatic event. During the ICDP
program, she made a mural for her daughter telling her how strong she
was and how grateful she was, and said all the things she felt she could
not say to her face, but managed to convey in pictures. As a result of
the rebuilding of the relationship and strategies she learnt from
participating in the ICDP program she was given supervised access to her
children. Child safety monitored her progress with her children (she has
3 children: an eight year old, a six year old and a four year old) and
now she has all her children back with her. She wants to do the
Community Services Program at TAFE and use ICDP so that she can help
others who have been in addiction.
blessing of the ICDP program is that it teaches people not to be
judgemental of others, to feel empathy and understanding and makes them
want to get into our services and work from the ICDP framework of
empathy and gently leading, not the jackboot mentality that is sometimes
demonstrated in our sector.
I am eternally grateful to have been part of
the ICDP family and to have the opportunity to use the skills I learnt
in all of my training which includes mental health, disability, aged
care, youth work and alcohol and other drugs, homelessness and social
housing and community services. Workers across all of these disciplines
can use the ICDP framework to inform their practice and work
holistically with people on a physical, emotional and spiritual level.
you so much for having faith in me and giving me the opportunity.
on the left is of Karsten Hundeide and Annie, and it was taken last year
when Annie came to Watford for her final training as ICDP trainer.
DENMARK: ICDP FOR LIBRARY
ICDP trainer Anne Linder: - I would like to share about a special
ICDP project which took place in the context of library. The focus of
the ICDP programme is on relationship skills, and that focus has had a
relatively small presence in the basic training of library staff. I
started the ICDP project reasoning that, since public libraries play a
key role in spreading knowledge in society, the manner in which
librarians and their assistants interact with the public is important.
The project proved successful. By applying the ICDP principles the
library staff developed skills which they perceived as very useful. Two
professionals from the Universities of Aalborg and Aarhus observed the
project and their evaluation is positive. The project experience is
described in the anthology called “Relationship in the library” ,
showing how the implementation of ICDP can strengthen the relational
competence in staff enhancing their interactions with the younger users.
International head-office has a new member of the executive committee.
Marianne Storkas (photo above) has joined the team as marketing manager in
connection with the ICDP International new focus on improving its public
profile and developing a marketing strategy.
Marianne has lived in
Tanzania and Jamaica where she was engaged as a researcher for her
Master thesis in the field of anthropology and was working in direct
contact with children. That work was linked to an NGO called "Right to
Play" - whose use play as a methodology for achieving better
conditions in children' s lives.
" I share the ICDP' s ethos and
fully endorse the organizational objectives as they are close to my own
aspirations to give a positive contribution to children worldwide. I
like the team and look forward to us working together." - Marianne.
has put ICDP on facebook, link:
WITH A NEW MODULE ON CHILDREN'S RIGHTS PILOTED IN COMUNA FABIO MOLINA,
project has just been completed in the community of Fabio Molina, in the
town of La Tebaida, Quindio. The pilot is part of a wider project
(click here for report) with
the main focus on protection from violence in early childhood,
which has been developing since last year through the cooperation of
three partner organizations: ICDP, IICRD and CINDE.
In the La Tebaida project,
participants were community mothers who responded to the invitation to
receive training in two areas: the ICDP programme with its guidelines
for good quality care + a programme that will guide them about
ICDP programme provided a sensitization process which developed in the
participants a new perception of their role as mothers. Each mother
explored her own way of relating to her child, then tested out new ways
and shared her own findings with the other mothers. All agreed to
continue to practice the guidelines for good quality care; they
understood the importance of showing positive feelings and using
dialogue in relation to their children and that it is a two way process.
The new children’s rights curriculum raised the mothers’ awareness about
their own responsibilities to protect children from violence in their
community and they formulated and put into practice an action plan. As a
result of that action, a few dozen families (linked to the ICBF children
centre, one school and one NGO called DAVIDA) are now informed about the
guidelines for positive communication with children, about ways to
protect children and detect abuse of children’s rights. The mothers are also campaigning to change "the local culture of shouting at
children", which they perceive "as a first step leading to violence
“At first I
was not very willing to participate in this training; I was not
paying much attention to my children and I had little tolerance towards
them. The support I received made a big difference and it was
appreciated by my husband which is a good thing.”
“I know a better way to
treat my children and I remember every day that one has to keep
improving , to have more capacity for tolerance, to talk and listen. We
need to give so much affection."
responsible for the proper care of children and for being attentive to
report if something is wrong or hurts them.”
identify things that are bad for children, now I speak to other mothers
about child protection issues and know how to identify and monitor the
abuse of children's rights..”
given me confidence in my capacity, we are no longer just mothers
waiting on their children and looking after their husbands, we have
become leaders for our community, an example for other parents in the
children’s centre where we send our children. “
fear from when I was at school has disappeared; I can speak in pubic and
I am not afraid to draw and make a poster.”
there is more harmony in my home, more tolerance; instead of criticizing
we try to understand what is happening; knowing that you can improve.”
“The most important thing is to stop screaming at my children, to become
a better person myself, to dialogue with my children, tolerance is the
know how to identify situations in which the rights of a child are
“ We need
to share this experience with others. We need to provide a good
from the ICDP trainers: For us it was a most gratifying experience as we
realized that a lot can be done on grassroots level and that most
mothers are ready to receive and replicate the process – all these
mothers needed was to be given the confidence in addition to some simple
tools to help them start engaging others in the same process.
Click here for report in Spanish.
DINDAL AND GALAN:
The ICDP Colombia team have also carried out an ICDP project in the
Dindal and Galan communities of Neiva, in the Huila province. -
click here for report.
PROJECT IN COMUNA 13: On the 29th
of September, a team of ICDP trainers and facilitators celebrated the
ending of their ICDP project, carried out in the Comuna 13 district of Medellin.
The gathering was attended by Eumelia Galeano, the local ICDP team leader
and she sent us her impressions:
"It was very
gratifying to see all the evidence from the field notes, charts, photographs
by the community mothers who
implemented the ICDP programme with neighbouring families. It was a
moving evening of hope, because in the midst of continuing violence (20 days ago the 16 year old son of one of the participating
mothers was murdered), we were able to celebrate the successful work of
this group of mothers who
completed their training to become ICDP facilitators and had applied
ICDP sensitization with others. The ICDP program impacted community
mothers, promoters, teachers, youth and public officials. Some of the
teachers decided to apply the program and use its materials in
their daily work with children - this was undertaken from their own
initiative and was outside the planned scope of the project.
of certified facilitators is 39. They implemented ICDP with
parent-groups whose size varied ranging from 8 to 40 families per group. One facilitator stood out by
delivering ICDP to several groups reaching a total of 200 families. The programme
also reached 40 young people
in the community and the total number of families who received ICDP is
data show that the objectives were far surpassed in terms of expected
coverage. There is an extensive photographic
record of each of the training sessions and we are in the process of finishing the final report that will
include testimonies from the mothers.
We wish to extend our thanks to IICRD who made the realization of this training
possible, to Nicoletta for her permanent support and to CINDE for
cooperation on the ground." Click
here for the power point presentation in Spanish.
NORWAY: NEW BOOK ABOUT THE CARE FOR THE ELDERLY
AND DIGNIFIED OLD AGE" is a new book
concerning the care for the elderly. The author, Professor Henning Rye explains:
- The background for this book are the many
newspaper reports published over the recent years, which describe
neglect and poor care for the elderly in Norway, particularly in Oslo
and some other cities. This information was confirmed through interviews
with professionals working in the care for the elderly that I carried
out in different parts of the country. The main focus of the book is our
general human experience as well as our psychological knowledge that
human beings are born into a context of human care, develop as human
beings in close relationship with other human beings, and are dependent
of living in close human relationships throughout life.
Without human relationships and personal contact human
beings cannot stay healthy mentally as well as physically, and are
therefore often suffering from loneliness, depression, anxiety and even
physical illness. In spite of this knowledge the system providing
services for the elderly focuses mainly on physical health and food. The
book is proposing an upgrading of the theoretical as well as
practical education of caregivers employed in the services for the
elderly, and it makes recommendations for a less strict time
schedule for the services provided. It also contains chapters about
psychological as well as existential needs of elderly, that are not met
today because the caregivers are not prepared for this kind of questions
and do not have time to sit down to talk with their clients.
This is a book about how to meet very personal and
important human needs of people in the last part of their lives. The
training outlined in the book is aiming at making the caregivers more
aware of - and able to relate to - personal, social and existential
needs of the elderly. The training suggested in the book is very much
based on the same understanding of the needs of human beings as
outlined as the background for ICDP. The training suggested is also very
much related to practical situations where sensitisation and
consciousness raising are central qualities in developing the
caregivers' personal contact and way of caring for the elderly.
ICDP IN MÆLUMENGA
Mælumenga barnehage is a
nursery in the little town of Åmot, one hour from Oslo, Norway. Link to their webpage:
nursery staff received ICDP training three years ago. The ICDP
principles are still an important topic in this nursery as well as being
part of their daily work with children.
Elaine Barker, a representative from Parentfocus
(a London based organization), recently visited Mælumenga barnehage to find out more about
how the ICDP programme is implemented in practice with the objective of developing
an ICDP project in London. Elaine was impressed by the calm and
peaceful atmosphere and the open welcoming space in this nursery.
Click here to read
KEEPING THE FLAME ALIVE, by
Professor Karsten Hundeide, founder, chairman and leader of ICDP for
over twenty years
On the 7th of
September, we lost Karsten Hundeide, the founder and leader of the
While we are mourning our friend, we also reinforce our commitment
to carry forward his message of compassion and humanity by continuing to
work together, spreading the ICDP progamme in the world.
provided guidance to us all, which we will sorely miss, not only because
of his impressive academic contributions but even more because of his
human sensitivity and friendship, his tireless dedication to ICDP
work, his continuous inspiration, personal warmth and sense
We will try to "keep the flame" alive.
Armstrong, on behalf of the international team
(17 May 1936 -7 September
Professor Karsten Hundeide was a familiar figure in
Norwegian psychology. He was a professor of developmental psychology
at the University of Oslo and Bergen and is well known for his
interpretation and critique of Piaget and as a promoter of a more
culture-oriented and interpretative understanding of child development.
He wrote several books and articles on this subject, most notably the
"Children's life-world: Cultural frames for children's development" (Cappelen
2004). He was an accomplished author and a sought-after lecturer.
Some of the main publications by Karsten:
Hundeide, K. (1977): Plaget
i kritisk lys. Cappelen, Oslo.
Hundeide, K. (1985): The tacit background of
children's judgements. I Wertsch: Culture, Communication and
Cognition. Cambridge University Press.
Hundeide, K. (1989): Barns lisvverden: En
fortolkende tilnærming. Cappelen Forlag.
Hundeide, K. (1991): Helping disadvantaged
children. Psychol-social intervention in a third world context.
London: Jessica Kingsley.
Hundeide, K. (2000): Ledet
Samspill fra Spedbarn til Skolealder. Vett og Viten, Asker.Boken er
oversatt til svensk i 2002 og dansk i 2004
Hundeide, K. (2001): Det intersubjektive rommet. I O.Dysthe: Dialog,
Samspell og Læring.
Abstrakt forlag. Bergen.
Hundeide, K. (2002): The Mind between us. Nordisk Psykologi, 54(1)
Hundeide 2003: Becoming a committed insider.
Hundeide, K.(2003): Barns
livsverden: Sosio-kulturelle rammer for barns utvikling. Cappelen
Akademiske. Boken er oversatt til dansk og svensk.
Hundeide, K. (2003): Rapport
fra innvandrerprosjekt i Oslo. Barne- og familiedepartementet.
Hundeide, K.(2004) Manual for
anvendelse av ICDP Programmet på omsorgsgivere med etnisk
minoritetsbakgrunn. Tilgjengelig fra Barne og
Hundeide, K. (2005: A new identity, a new
lifestyle. Kpt. i A.N. Perret-Clermont, C. Pontecorvo, L.B. Resnick
(Editors): Joining Society. Cambridge Univ. Press
Hundeide, K.( 2004):
Omsorg og overgrep i og utenfor sonen for intimitet. I Nafstad: Det
omsorgsfulle mennesket. Gyldendahl Akademiske.
Hundeide, K. (2004): When empathic care is
obstructed: Excluding the child from the zone of intimacy. Innlegg
på internasjonalt symposium i vitenskapsakademiet om “ Early
communication and emotions” Arrangert av Stein Bråten.
Dette inmnlegget vil bli trykt i bok om samme tema publisert av Oxford
University Press i løpet av 2006.
Hundeide, K. (2005):
Socio-cultural tracks of development, opportunity situations and
access-skills. Cultural Psychology 2005, nr. 1
Hundeide, K. (2005):
Om barns lojalitet
og sensitivitet for andre: Kontraktmessig kongruens. I Festskrift for
(2005): ICDP – et relasjonsorientert og empatibasert program. Kapitel i
Max Kreuzer & Niels Rosendal Jensen ( red): ”Family Support” –
empowerment af Forældre i internsajonalt perspektiv. Danmarls
Pædagogiske Universitets Forlag.
(2005): ICDP – et programm rettet imot barns omsortgsgivere.
Skolepsykologi nr. 7 .2005
K. (2005): En kulturpsykologisk tilnærming til barns utvikling.
Impuls nr. 1, 2005
(2006): Det intersubjektive rommet og
bevisstgjøring av samspill i klassen gjennom reflekterende praksis.
(2005). Kapitel i dansk bok om nye metoder i klasseforskning.Editor
Rene Kritsensen, Dafolo Forlag, København
Hundeide, K. (2006) Diskurser
og kontrakter i barns utvikling: Et kulturpsykologisk perspektiv.
Kapitel i bok om utviklingspsykologi redigert av Mette Giulbrandsen.
Hundeide, K. (2006):
Jean Piaget: En konstruktivistisk teori om barns
utvikling Kapitel i bok om
utviklingspsykologi redigert av Mette Giulbrandsen.
(2008) Psychosocial care for disadvantaged children in the context of
poverty and high risk.
Sendt til det
internasjonale tidsskriftet “Intervention” i desember 2005
To order Karsten's latest ICDP manual in Norwegian:
PRESENTATION OF THE RESEARCH STUDY IN OSLO
Norwegian Ministry of Children, Equality and Social Inclusion initiated
and financed a non-randomised comparison study conducted between 2007
and 2010. The main findings of the
Evaluation of the Parental guidance programme based on the International
Child Development Programme
were presented at a seminar organized by the Ministry, which took place in Oslo on the 27th of September
- click here for program. After a short explanation about ICDP, the evaluation study and its results
will be presented by Professor Lorraine Sherr, from the Royal Free and
University College Medical School, England, who led the research
and by the PhD candidate Ane-Marthe, as one of the key members of the
evaluation study showed that the parental guidance program based on the ICDP
method had a positive impact on participant parents and their families. The
program discussed child rearing issues in a non-didactic counselling
group, which parents perceived as supportive, and they felt better
equipped for parenting after receiving the ICDP-guidance. While the
comparison group remained unchanged between the two measurements, the
data show that parents from the ICDP-groups provided better parental
strategy and greater involvement in relation to the child. Furthermore,
parents reported fewer negative emotions and less loneliness after ICDP.
Children were perceived as happier, quieter and with fewer difficulties.
Relationships within the family were strengthened through a more
positive interaction, which made family life in general more harmonious
with fewer conflicts. The evaluation confirmed that the ICDP-certified
facilitators and trainers demonstrated commitment and benefit from
working with the ICDP program.
to read the evaluation study report in English.
The evaluation study report both in Norwegian and English can be found
on the Norwegian Ministry webpage - use link:
On the 27th of
September the Ministry broadcast a radio program about ICDP and its
positive effects - this is the link to that radio program:
19 MUNICIPALITIES IN PERNAMBUCO, BRAZIL
Over the last year and a
half, ICDP has been expanding steadily in the province of
Pernambuco, in the north-western semi-arid area of the country. The
project represents a cooperation between ICDP UK and Save the
Children Brazil, with the sponsorship from the European Union. The
government network whose professionals are receiving the ICDP training
is called Mãe Coruja - this network offers support to local communities,
focusing on improving health, education and social conditions,
particularly for pregnant women, in order to reduce child mortality.
After an intensive period
of training in ICDP of a core team from the ACARI organization, which
took place last year, the team spread the ICDP program to 19
municipalities, all over Pernambuco. The strategy for 2011 includes
the formation of 19 ICDP clubs, one in each municipality, where the professionals
who are already trained as ICDP facilitators, can meet on regular
basis to share and strengthen their work with families. So far
their work has reached 16.946
children who benefited from this ICDP initiative.
Click here for more
information from this project, in Portuguese: 1)Power point summary
On the 2nd of July an ICDP
certification ceremony was held in Cusco for a group of new facilitators.
ICDP Peru invited them to receive
their ICDP Diplomas. These facilitators are all community workers from the Kallpa
organization and they had been receiving ICDP training since the
beginning of this year. As part of their practical task they carried out
ICDP projects with families who live in a poor area called Sangarará,
close to Cusco.
NEW TRAINING PROJECT
ICDP Peru has started new cooperation with the education network called DREC. A
group of over 100 teachers from DREC attended an introductory workshop
which took place during the first week of July. As a result 45 teachers signed up to receive
full ICDP training and the first workshop is planned to take place on
the 20th of July .
update from Professor Karl-Peter Hubbertz, who has been developing ICDP
in West-Bengal for six years: - This year we started the process of
training of a new group of very motivated people, who will to become
ICDP facilitators. We used a newly revised training concept, which meant
that things developed more efficiently than before. After the first
training workshop, the trainees did their practical field work by
applying the three dialogues in relation to children. Then this was
followed up by another 3-day workshop, which included a special session
during which they made plans for their practical work with parents. By
May most of the trainees had started to implement the ICDP programme by
running their own parent-groups in two villages north of Kolkata and most of them are currently in
process of finishing. Since January 2011, we appointed a
new coordinator to replace Maria Chatterjee who could not continue due
to ill health.
REPORT FROM ICDP
The ICDP project in
Mozambique works in the area of competence building of Civil Society,
organizations and networks, in order to promote healthy development and
protection for children. The overarching objective is to help improve
the quality of care of vulnerable children, by strengthening the role of
caregivers of both genders and enabling them to fulfil their care- and
educational responsibilities. This aim is achieved through the
implementation of a culturally sensitive and easy to implement programme
designed to improve the interaction and relationship between
adults/caregivers and children. The ICDP work is carried out mainly
through a community based strategy where local teams are trained and
sensitized to respond to children’s developmental needs. They are
enabled to convey this knowledge further to other caregivers within the
community, thus leading to a consistent spreading effect of good
practices related to child rearing. More specifically the ICDP training
programmes are delivered to:
1. Staff inside both
CS partners and DMAS; they are key-persons for the competence building
2. Staff from NGO’s,
CBOs and networks of social workers, namely OMM
3. ICDP will continue
to cooperate with the Pedagogical University, Maputo, so that the
program becomes part of the psychology/education curricula (at Master
level), thus providing more institutional anchorage and sustainability
baseline for the intervention was set on evidence from official
statistics and interviews with leaders of key organizations operating in
areas of high risk, referring to demographic indicators, like poverty,
prevalence of HIV/AIDS, alcohol abuse and family abuse, violence and
neglect in the psycho-social field, gender conflicts, school drop outs.
Living under stressful conditions often leads to neglect of children as
it is difficult for caregivers to attend to their children’s’ needs.
This in turn can have a dramatic long-term effect causing sever
developmental delays in children, later reflected in poor achievements
at school, anti-social behaviour, low performance in working life, loss
of cultural knowledge and values. The project is reaching caregivers and
families in the most critical areas of the country; in the Maputo
province and also expanding gradually to other provinces through the
work of local organizations trained in the ICDP methodology. Some of the
project’s key acitivities included:
a. Strengthening DMAS
staffs capacity through systematic follow up and monitoring of their
work. This was carried out in children’s institutions and those who had
fulfilled the requested criteria thus became ICDP facilitators.
b. Participation of
ICDP in DMAS meetings, in the Coordinating Council, which contributes to
the sustainability of ICDP at institutional level;
c. The first phase
of training for CVM staff in the ICDP Program was carried out in
Manjacaze, Gaza province, with a considerable number of participants
coming from several provinces. However the field follow up, monitoring
and evaluation did not take place due to CVM organizational problems in
creating the necessary conditions.
d. The sensitization
of OMM community groups in districts 4 and 5 in Maputo continued with
great dynamic and involvement.
e. Sensitization of
senior staff from MINED over 3 days, involving a group of professionals,
directors from ZIPs, who may play an important role in spreading the
program through the education sector
f. The work with
Universidad Pedagogica evolved around two poles: 1. after a request from
the department, a group of student trainees from the course of
educational psychology were sensitized in the ICDP program and were
involved in the field work with the ICDP team; 2. the ICDP program was
taught by ICDP senior staff to developmental psychology students, as
part of the post graduation and master courses in psycho-traumatology.
This will also contribute to the Program’s future sustainability.
less positive factor related to the implementation of the project was
that institutions in general found it difficult to adhere to agendas and
plans previously agreed to. Also establishing protocols of cooperation
proved to be a difficult process which makes it harder to set plans and
strategies for the implementation of the program in a structured,
responsible and timely way. CS organizations and groups put ‘pressure’
on ICDP by expecting to receive some kind of material benefit, in
addition to receiving the ICDP training - and that constitutes an
additional challenge for the work of ICDP.
ICDP Program implemented in local language at community level (OMM)
and in portuguese with institutional staff (DMAS and UP);
Children’s rights (CRC)
Children’s educational and developmental needs
Distribution of Information / material on psychosocial issues
Participation in Networks (Rede), partnerships (REPSSI) and
institutional initiatives (DMAS).
6. UP (University)
134 sensitization sessions (2 hours each) ;
17 days of seminars plus follow-up and monitoring;
Sensitization and training also covered children’s rights, edu-care
and gender issues.
422 staff/caregivers trained/sensitized;
2127 children directly reached plus 4203 potentially reached
12 student-trainees in educational psychology learned and
implemented the ICDP Program in the field, with a positive impact
along 2 months.
23 students post graduation and masters courses
Participation in 7 district conferences (DMAS) as technical
Institutional staff and caregivers more aware about the importance
of positive interaction for children’s development and assuming a
proactive role when relating to children; also more self confident
as educators, with a more gentle and open attitude, looking for
children’s initiatives, opinions and contributions. Clear
improvement in the human atmosphere at home with less violence.
Developed awareness in caregivers that seeing children as persons
with rights and applying positive human relationships, has a
positive effect on children’s development, especially the neglected
and at risk children.
Children more confident and
at ease with adults, joyful and with initiative. Less conflicts
among children and less isolated and fearful/suspicious children.
This was mainly observed in child care centres.
The UP student trainees stated that the contact and field work
provided them with knowledge and understanding of the reality lived
by suburban populations and the problems which affect them and
espcially the children.
The master students confirmed that ICDP had opened a new ‘window’
and perspective about children’s development; they discovered that
ther are simple and effective ways of dealing with and improving the
critical situation of vulnerable children
On the 26th and 27th of
ICDP Norway hosted the Scandinavian network conference, which
took place in Svolvær, in the unique natural
environment and spectacular scenery of the Lofoten islands, in the
north of Norway. There were 120 participants from Norway, Sweden and
Colwyn Trevarten was the speaker on the first day and his presentation was on the topic of
"Why Hopes of Children Matter and Make
Sense, For Them and For Us". Trevarthen is an internationally
recognized scholar; he is Professor (Emeritus) in developmental
psychology at the University of Edinburgh, a member of the Royal
Society of Edinburgh and vice president of the British Association for
Early Childhood Education. Trevarthen has numerous publications about
infant communication, emotional health and brain development. Through
his work, he is a significant contributor to a research-based
understanding of interaction. He is currently involved in pioneering
work studying the role of musicality as the earliest form of
communication with infants, as well as the importance of synchronization
of movements, facial expressions and play in early language development.
Comments from participants: "I am taking with me some truly
wonderful Impressions; we had such a good day with Trevarthen. Trevarthen gave us a lot of food for thought contrasting concepts of
empathy and sympathy." "Trevarthen gave us a new
perspective and insight into the workings of the mind in context of
interaction. We were shown remarkable video clips of a baby responding
to her mother's singing a lullaby, by moving hands and arms in perfect
rhythm - the baby was moving like a perfect music conductor."
second day was fragmented with several enriching workshops which ran
in parallel. Erica Sapir
presented the work of the
“Puppeteers without borders” . The workshop
was very interesting. We could see a real potential in teaching
caregivers to make puppets together with children and also for
caregivers to use puppets to tell stories and convey messages to their
children." "Paul Bergman taught us about the links between music and emotion
- how different types
of music Jazz, classical, baroque, can be used as a tool in
sensitization. Anette Groot's workshop was very systematic and structured and showed
excellent quality of her work related to ICDP sensitization."
included a bus trip with a guided tour to Henningsvær. In the 1800’s the island community prospered, and Henningsvær became one of the most prominent fishing villages in
Lofoten. Unlike many other fishing villages, the population of
Henningsvær has remained stable in recent years, and there are still
over 500 people living there. Participants had also the
opportunity to go kayaking and hiking. The farewell barbecue, which
took place at ”Kallebrygga” red jetty by the sea, was
particularly enjoyable. All participants received tin boxes to
fill up with whale meat, home made fish cakes and vegetables before
putting them on the outdoor grill to cook. Singing, joking
and a party atmosphere went on till 11 pm.
here for article in Norwegian:
ICDP VALUES INSPIRE
is the title of the following article from Finland:
In Finland the ICDP
work started in September of 2008, when Klara Schauman-Ahlberg took the
boat from Turku to Stockholm to be trained in ICDP. As a result, in 2009
and 2010 we had the opportunity to arrange three inspirational days for
our county personnel, together with Annelie Waldau and Karin Edenhammar
from ICDP Sweden. We also invited representatives from the Ministry of
Social Affairs and Health, the Institute of Health and Welfare as well
as community leaders. Two of the days targeted people from day-care,
healthcare, social care and school. In the autumn of 2010, twenty four people
participated in ICDP training at level one and fourteen of them went on
to be trained at
ICDP is currently in
process of being introduced to Finland through a new project led by the
Federation of Mothers, Child homes and Shelters. The Federation is
interested to use ICDP with mothers who suffer from addiction to harmful
So far we have been
reaching with ICDP only the Swedish speaking minority, but in order to
inspire and train on a larger scale in our country we need to translate
the ICDP material into Finnish. First steps are being undertaken towards
achieving this goal.
ICDP is generally
greeted with curiosity and enthusiasm - mixed perhaps with an ounce of
hesitance - by different professionals working with children and
parents. With its roots deeply in the Convention on the Rights of the
Child, ICDP helps to clarify and challenge our different views on
children and childhood. We think ICDP provides a great tool to enhance
our interaction and communication with children.
NETWORK MEETING FOR ICDP PARENTS
On the 18th of May, a group of 454 fathers and mothers from
the region of UP Salamá, Guatemala gathered together to exchange
their ICDP experiences and show how they apply the 8 guidelines
of the ICDP programme in practice with their children. In addition
to sharing meaningful ICDP stories, the participants had a lot of
fun; they played competitive games and took part in amusing
activities, through which they reviewed and explored their own ICDP
In early June, a network meeting for ICDP teachers will take place
in the UP Rabinal Baja Verapaz.
here to read ICDP report for year
ICDP ON LINE
A new ICDP project for
parents started to develop in Sydney, Australia, led by ICDP facilitator
Amelia Vogel. The agenda for the twelve ICDP meetings with caregivers
will include on-line meetings. This is a small pilot project testing out
a new approach to training through the use of internet. The results of
this innovative approach will be analyzed by ICDP later in the year.
BOOK PUBLISHED IN SWEDEN:
"Guided interaction with the elderly", by Karsten Hundeide and Karin
How can the ICDP program
"guided interaction" be used in the context
of care for
the elderly? This book is giving the
answer to that question.
Guided interaction is an empathy based and community oriented program,
which focuses on developing psychosocial competence in carers. The
program is characterized by a humanistic approach, where human dignity
is of central importance as well as issues around people's right to
determine over their lives - including their daily lives. The book will
be used in ICDP training courses, but it is of interest for anyone
involved in the care of the elderly.
ICDP TV PROGRAM IN
ICDP is the main content
of twelve TV programs, each lasting one hour, called "Mirador Infantil" (An
outlook on childhood). The TV programs are broadcast on Tuesdays for
twelve consecutive weeks and are presented by ICDP trainer Julio
Martinez. They are meant to focus the viewers' attention on key matters
concerning children's development and care. The programs are aired on TV
between 18:30 to 19:30 p.m. in 7 municipalities of the department de
Baja Verapaz (Salamá, San Jerónimo, San Miguel Chicaj, Rabinal, Cubulco, Granados
y Santa Cruz el Chol), reaching
an audience of approximately 1500 families. Each week a new ICDP topic is introduced. The
program starts with a
short introduction of the topic of the day by Julio, followed by a video, which is afterwards discussed by the audience. The audience is
invited to apply the ICDP guidelines in practice at home by "creating a
personal life project". On the following week their "project
experiences" are shared in the audience, whereas home viewers can
phone-in to tell their story. For example the discussion would take
place around the guideline number one: How much love did I manage to
show and express to my child? A special time in the TV program is
dedicated for this "evaluative moment".
The program was successful
and it is currently being broadcast for the second time. Several hundred
ICDP booklets were distributed and Julio received
many emails from parents expressing their gratitude and describing the
positive effects it had on their family lives and the children. In the
municipality of Carchá, in the department of Alta Verapaz 400 teachers
asked for ICDP training and ICDP workshops have started to take place in Chirré Quiché, Zepoc Tanchí y Chiqueleu.
NETWORK MEETING IN SOUTH AFRICA
The network meeting was
held from the 17th to the 20th
of March, in the
outskirts of Pietermaritzburg. It was attended by 21 people representing
5 countries and 7 projects: Lesotho (2 projects), Malawi, Mozambique,
South Africa (2 projects) and Tanzania. There were also representatives
from Norway and Portugal. The Zimbabwe representative did not arrive.
All sessions started and
ended with a prayer. Participants shared about their ICDP work with
extensive project presentations – more then 1 hour per project.
The presentations revealed the cultural adaptability of the ICDP
program. There were small group discussion about child rearing and
cultural values in African countries, which showed that there was
similarity of views across the represented countries and cultures. The
typical conception of a good and educated child is the child who
respects elders, does not argue with them, does not interrupt them and
does not disobey parents. It is a common understanding that adults, as
role models, should not behave improperly in front of their children,
should not use ‘bad’ language, should refrain from smacking; building
children's confidence is one of the most important values; girls should
be prepared to become good mothers – marriage is a goal in itself and
everything is in line with that purpose, whereas boys should be prepared
to provide for the family – manhood is instilled. The name of the child
is of utmost importance.
ICDP evaluation and monitoring procedures were introduced as part of the
agenda of this meeting. The meeting also examined the ICDP
training procedures. Some participants expressed the wish to become
trainers ‘more quickly’ and this triggered some discussion about the
minimum length of field experience required before qualifying to
become a trainer. It was noted that psychosocial changes,
development of knowledge, sensitivity practical experiences belong
to a process which requires time.
Once more, as in previous
years, the importance of continuing to hold network meetings became
apparent. Participants made a recommendation for the next meeting to
include one or more field visits to ICDP projects. Malawi
was suggested as the preferred country to host the next network
ICDP Peru is in process of
developing a new training initiative in Cusco, in cooperation with the regional director of the
organization KALLPA CUSCO. Some ICDP activities have already taken place during March. An ICDP training
workshop was held in Cusco on 10, 11 and 12th March (see photos above).
After the workshop the trainee facilitators have started implementing
the ICDP programme with families and children, under the supervision of
an ICDP trainer. There are plans for another ICDP initiative in this region,
which would take place through ICDP cooperation with the
Regional Secretariat for Education (DREC). Click here to read the photo report.
ICDP project has been developing for over a year now at the Gamalakhe Development
Centre (GDC). Gamalakhe is a township in
the south-eastern region of Kwazulu Natal, with a population of
12.000 people, mainly Zulus. Unemployment is high and 30% of the population is illiterate. Kwazulu
Natal is the epicentre for HIV/AIDS, and large numbers of children have lost one or both of
their parents. In Gamalacke there are many crèches which
offer children care and food.
When the GDC started working in this region they realized that there was
a need for
competence building and for increasing the knowledge base about psychosocial development of
children, both in the township and its surrounding areas. GDC decided to
implement the ICDP programme, because it is simple and easy to adapt to different
cultural and social contexts. Click here to read the full report by ICDP trainers from Norway who
carried out the training for the GDC.
The Indian Child Abuse &
Neglect and Child Labour Group (I-CANCL Group) and the International
Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect (ISPCAN), are holding
the 9th ISPCAN Asia Pacific Regional Conference on Child Abuse & Neglect
(APCCAN 2011) in New Delhi, India, October 6-9, 2011. Website:
www.apccan2011.com. Karsten Hundeide is invited to represent ICDP at this conference.
TRAINED AS ICDP FACILITATORS
The Bucaramanga University (Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana
Seccional Bucaramanga) has adopted ICDP. Pedro Pablo Ochoa, the coordinator explains: "We
are delighted to announce that two of our psychology students, Adriana
del Pilar Blanco Caselles and Adriana Marcela Gutierrez Hernandez will be
implementing the ICDP program in practice during the first semester
2011, as part of their studies. One of the aims of our university is to
create links between the academia and other institutions in our region,
and to impact the development of our country by working together."
The students will work with ICDP for 100
hours. They will run a parent group comprised of 12 families linked to social services (ICBF, Instituto
Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar). The students have already
received training from ICDP Colombia.
ICDP Sweden has recently
organized a training course for a new group of professionals who have
become ICDP qualified trainers and in May they plan to hold the yearly
Seminar which will gather together all Swedish trainers. The Seminar
will take place in Stockholm and it will be attended by over one hundred
participants who work with the ICDP programme in different parts of the
The main focus of the
seminar will be to explore together and learn about the monitoring
and evaluation procedures for the ICDP programme. The seminar
participants will also have the opportunity to become informed about the
outcomes of the 3-year research study of the national scale
implementation of ICDP in Norway.
Over the past few months
ICDP Sweden has been focusing on the production of new materials and the
ICDP core group has been very busy making arrangements for the distribution of
a new book and of two new workbooks.
The new book is about the
implementation of the ICDP program in context of care for the elderly
and it will come out in June.
The two workbooks are now available on the
internet bookshop, on the ICDP Sweden webpage:
providing practical guidance and support for parents of teenagers who
participate in ICDP courses or are generally interested in their role as
parents (see workbook cover page on the left). The other workbook is about the "ICDP-guided interaction"
program and it is meant for use by professionals involved in social services, social
workers and foster carers.
Short update from ICDP trainer Anne
Moore, from Brisbane:
currently completing the delivery of the ICDP program at the TAFE
university, which I started last year. My students will be soon going
into child protection to work with families at risk. What is really
wonderful is that their teachers have told me that the students keep
referring to how they can apply the ICDP program as their practice
framework when they are working with children and their families.
had the opportunity to go to Moonyah Drug and Alcohol Rehabilitation
Centre where I met up with several of the men who participated in the
ICDP course I held there last year. One father has spent Christmas with
his son for the first time in 3 years. Another who had not seen his son
for 7 years is now visiting him every weekend. Others told me they have
re-engaged with their children and are doing really well. It was truly
amazing and inspiring to see that the changes have been sustained. On
the 25th of April I am starting another course for ten new participants,
which will run for six weeks every Friday morning for three hours."
SOUTHERN AFRICAN NETWORK MEETING ANNOUNCEMENT
The ICDP Network meeting for the Southern African region will be held in
Pietermaritsburg in South Africa, from the 17th to the 19th of March.
This will be
the third network meeting for participants from six African
counties: Mozambique, Lesotho, Tanzania, Malawi, South Africa and
The objective is to consolidate, strengthen and develop ICDP in this
region through a gradual transfer of competence and through sharing
experiences and ideas on how to best mainstream and implement the
psychosocial component in existing projects and programs for children
The participant institutions listed below have been implementing the
ICDP program and their long term vision is to gradually expand the ICDP
work with families and caregivers in their respective countries:
Caversham Centre near Pietermaritzburg RobS & the Cindy Cluster LETCEE;
Gamalacke Stiftelse, in the township of Gamalacke,
Community Foundation for the Western Region (Home-based Orphan Care
Kiwakkuki women organization, Kilimanjaro region
Chisomo Children’s Club and Alinafe Community Hospital, PiV (Psychiatri
of Vestfold) Norwegian Church Aid (photo above: an ICDP
workshop held by ICDP trainers from PiV)
Thaba-Bosiu Centre (TBC), Blue Cross Norway
This year's focus is on three themes: 1) Key issues and experiences of
ICDP in different countries; 2) Sensitization of caregivers and training
of facilitators; 3) Evaluation and monitoring in connection with project
from Benita Gavilan: - Centro
de Apoyo para Niños del Abasto is a day care facility for children in
the Central Gross Market in the Abasto area of Asunción. The work began in January 2008, financed by two German Associations.
ICDP training for caregivers in this day centre has been ongoing and as
result the staff have become more sensitive in dealing with children.
There is a new feeling of closeness and
confidence between the children and their caregivers; children started
to open up and share personal secrets, not revealed to their own families.
popular among the 110 participant children and teenagers.
Paraguay’s traditional child rearing culture has become been greatly
undermined during more than forty years of dictatorship that ended in
1989. It is uncommon for parents to play with their children, in
urban, suburban or rural areas. Very little of the traditional
child rearing literature (songs, stories, games, rhymes etc.) has
survived. There is also a deeply rooted custom among parents to separate
from their children in order to go to work or merely out of negligence.
In middle and upper class urban families, children are often raised by
training for children's parents and extended family started
in 2010 and it is continuing in 2011, financed by SD Germany. The
ICDP course is combined with the teaching of manual work (crochet and
other productive activities) - see photo above showing mothers and
daughters learning and practicing to crochet in an ICDP course. Fifty families have attended so far.
Future plans are to offer ICDP training to different groups,
institutions and organizations and to obtain funds for project with
three-fold intervention in Early Childhood development: ICDP training at
caregiver level, promotion of breastfeeding and organic gardening for
families, including older children in the activities.
The Community Foundation
for the Western Region of Zimbabwe is expanding its work and plans to
include the ICDP principles in its Home-based Orphan Care Programme -
click to read their report.
Currently the program is covering 9 districts but it is planned to
extend it to all 25 districts in the western part of Zimbabwe.
Mercy Sakanya Musundasora,
is applying ICDP in her work at the Child Protection Society Zimbabwe.
Mercy participated in the ICDP workshops held in Durban in 2006 and in
Maputo in 2007, and received her certification as ICDP facilitator. She
explains: "The training I received helped a lot in working with
communities, especially in the development of caregiver's capacity for
sensitive adjustment and empathy with children using the eight
guidelines of the ICDP program. The organization recognized the value
of ICDP in changing the caregiver's perceptions and attitudes towards
child care. Through the implementation of the ICDP programme in
different communities the organisation moved a step ahead and started
dialogues regarding child care with the community members. The ICDP
concepts were also used in facilitation of support group meetings for
caregivers of children living with HIV and AIDS."
NEW COOPERATION IN
ICDP has signed a contract
of cooperation with the International Institute for Children's Rights
and Development (IICRD) and has started to develop collaborative
projects in 4 communities in Colombia. The
first project began its activities in Comuna 13, one of the most
vulnerable areas of the city of Medellin.
This pilot project is integrating the ICDP and IICRD
approaches, with the aim of increasing the local community's capacity to
protect its young children from violence. The
International Centre for Human Development (CINDE) is the local partner
involved in the implementation.
Convention on the Rights of the Child (General Assembly,
1989), reflected in the Colombian legislation “Hechos y Derechos” and in
the "Codigo" at departmental/municipal levels, establishes that “States
bear primary responsibility for preventing and responding to violence
against children.... [guaranteeing] girls and boys everywhere the right
to live their lives free from violence”, (United Nations, 2006, p. xi).
Colombia has undertaken important steps to strengthen child protection
of school age and adolescent children and has put in place an Early
Childhood Public Policy, which has become particularly visible since
2002. However, in spite of the development of institutional frameworks
for child protection, in reality the protection of very young children
is still limited.
project partners will work together on developing effective child
protection models, which will include strengthening all phases in
protection from violence: prevention, identification of suspected areas
of violence, support systems and care services for child victims.
Children, family members, agency personnel and others will be included
as critical participants in the process. The project will be helping
mothers, parents, family members, local officials and child protection
professionals to develop strategies to better prevent child maltreatment
and violence within homes, as well as to establish easier access to and
higher quality care services for child victims. The project will inform
responsible parties about the role they could be playing in improving
child protection short and long-term.
International annual board meeting took place in Oslo, on the 15th and
16th of January. The chairman, Karsten Hundeide, invited the
founding members, the representatives from Norway, Sweden and Denmark
and the members of the executive team to join the meeting. The meeting focused on
the theme of sustainability and future
development of ICDP.
of ICDP International is to ensure quality dissemination worldwide of
the ICDP psycho-social intervention and competence building program for
children's caregivers. The report prepared for the board meeting
indicated ICDP growth and developments in 18 countries,
particularly in Scandinavia, Africa and Latin America -
click to read the report.
aim is to have an empowering function in relation to the local
community, mobilizing its human resources, strengthening their expertise
and action in the field of care and protection of children. ICDP
overseas the gradual transfer of competence to local teams, who
eventually take over the process of spreading the ICDP program by training others – at which point
independent evaluation studies investigating the work of ICDP in Mozambique, Colombia
and Norway, produced positive
and convincingly demonstrated the
viability of ICDP's intervention.
objectives for 2011 are to continue to expand and supervise the ICDP
activities; to increase the effectiveness of the organization by strengthening
the operation of the central office, particularly in the area of
fundraising by hiring a development manager; to review relationships with partner organizations
and national ICDP bodies; to explore the possibilities of
re-structuring by becoming a membership organization and to
consider de-centralizing by introducing regional desks.
Happy New Year!
Click for ICDP CALENDAR 2011
ICDP Report 2009
Activity report 2010