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ICDP as part of the Child Grant in Mozambique

Santana Momade, the ICDP Mozambique representative reports:

According to recent analysis by the Ministry of Economy and Finance of Mozambique and UNICEF, half of all children in Mozambique live in monetary poverty. Almost one in two Mozambican children are considered multidimensionally poor. Using comparable data of DHS and the Alkire-Foster approach, multidimensional child poverty in Mozambique was found to exceed that of neighbouring countries (E-Swatini, Malawi, South Africa, Tanzania and Zimbabwe). The Mozambique National Basic Social Security Strategy (2016-2024) developed the Child Grant as part of the Basic Social Subsidy Programme that aims to reduce children’s vulnerability, promote their development by improving their health and diet and accessing basic social services and protection.

UNICEF supported the design and launch of the pilot phase of the Child Grant, ensuring full ownership by the Government. The Child Grant has two components: a cash subsidy (approximately US$10 per month) and a care component (nutrition package and case management) linked to social services. The case management is also called Acompanhamento Familiar and consists of the support provided to families affected by situations of specific risk and/or to those who are classified as most vulnerable, in line with the results from a basic screening tool (used in pre-enrolment or identification). The case management model follows the policies and instruments approved by the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Action (MGCAS). Regular home visits are conducted by case workers to offer direct support to primary caregivers, their children and other members of the households (e.g, psychosocial and counselling or information for parents) as well as to facilitate referrals to community and statutory services. Through Acompanhamento Familiar a beneficiary family is followed for a period of six months of intervention and three additional months to check on the sustainability of the results achieved. To implement the case management component, UNICEF, in consultation with the Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Action (MGCAS), identified a need for technical assistance and day-today on-the-job coaching of government technical staff and Permanentes (volunteers) at Provincial (DPGAS) and District level (SDMAS) of MGCAS, with the ultimate aim of leaving a cadre of social welfare officers able to provide quality case management support to vulnerable families and children and those at risk, within the context of the child grant (0-2 years).

UNICEF invited ICDP Mozambique to provide this technical and coaching support, following extensive hands-on experience in Mozambique in psychosocial support and, more recently, (child protection) case management. The technical support from ICDP focuses on:

i) support to the development and adaptation of case management tools, job aids, training packages and materials for relevant case management actors and programme stakeholders;

 ii) through on-the-job coaching of relevant provincial staff, strengthen their role in monitoring and supervising the work at district level; and

 iii) through on-the-job coaching of relevant district staff, strengthen their ability to monitor and supervise the work of the volunteers and to provide quality case management for child protection cases.

COVID – 19 Challenge

The programme is facing important challenges due to the COVID-19 outbreak, especially because the Acompanhamento Familiar component was designed based on a home-visit approach. Currently, the recommendations are:

1. Before conducting any visit, consider whether a face-to-face visit is necessary. If not, alternatively the case worker can speak to the family by phone. If someone in the family is unwell, do not conduct the home visit; instead, advise and support them through the referral pathways.

2. The case worker must:

a) Maintain social distancing; b) Wash/sanitize the hands before, during and after each visit; c) Avoid touching eyes, nose and mouth before, during and after each visit; d) Wear a mask (new one for each visit).

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Brief update from Bolivia

ICDP activities continued during 2020, by the well-established ICDP team that was initially stongly linked to the Lutheran church. The ICDP team has been growing and after they formed an ICDP organization (Red ICDP Bolivia) they began operating in some of their activities independently from the church.

During 2020, the facilitators and trainers of the “Family Strengthening Project for a Life without Violence” received training in complementary topics through Zoom.

Celina Figueroa and Olivia Sulca, continue to participate in this project, and are key members of the team. They are collecting data to ascertain the numbers of families that were reached altogether.

The ICDP programme was delivered in 5 municipalities, 2 rural and 3 urban areas. In the towns of Potosí and Santa Cruz, it was possible to share the programme via Zoom. However, in the rural areas, ICDP is being developed by meeting in person. By the end of October 2020, the team of facilitators began to roll out the ICDP programme to a group of caregivers in Cochabamba.

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Snippets from Norway, Sweden and Denmark

NORWAY:

ICDP is spreading with government support as a national programme in Norway. The authorities recommend ICDP in their national introduction programme for refugees. In Oslo, on 23-24th of September 2020, an ICDP network conference was arranged by the family protection offices Drammen-Kongsberg. The conference was for trainers and trainer candidates and the theme was “ICDP values”. Participants had the option to meet on the first day and continue digitally on the second day, or to participate exclusively digitally. Helen Christie from ICDP Norway gave a talk during this event. Heidi Westborg, the ICDP Norway chairperson, informs that they obtained project funding from the Directorate for Integration and Diversity to use ICDP groups to disseminate information about covid-19 to groups in society that do not have Norwegian as their main language. ICDP Norway held its annual meeting in June 2020, when it was decided to open ICDP Norway for membership, starting from the autumn.  The team is developing a digital platform to share ICDP news, materials and training.

DENMARK:

The Danish Centre for ICDP now offers training in the ICDP programme as what they named blended learning. Blended learning is a combination of traditional teaching in person as well as various e-learnings sessions. The training consists of 2 sessions in person and 6 digital sessions of a maximum of 3 hours each. The digital sessions include E-learning and study groups online. The advantage of this type of course is that the e-learning part creates more flexibility for participants to organise their own training course. The training is specifically offered to those who are affiliated with or part of an organization or institution working with the ICDP programme. The training consists of research-based theories (primarily from developmental psychology and positive psychology) that demonstrate that the relationship is the cornerstone of learning, development and well-being and of the analysis and reflections of participants’ interaction with others to develop reflexive awareness and sensitivity that is essential for relational competence. A maximum of 15 participants are taught. The training is distributed over a period of 5 months and consists of reading a basic book, as well as tasks between the course days. The home task consists of model testing, as well as video recording and analysis of own interaction. The Danish Centre for ICDP has also invested a substantial portion of their funds to making didactic videos about the 8 themes for good interaction.

SWEDEN:

In the absence of physical meetings due to corona virus, the ICDP Sweden’s recommendation to its network is to start both educational and guidance groups via digital platforms. The policy is that each educator and guide should follow general advice and regulations that apply both nationally and locally. The ICDP training course is organized over four full days. The first two training days are conducted digitally via the Zoom platform and the other two days are held with physical presence. The Foundation believes that training can be conducted digitally by using a system that is stable and works well with several participants. The digital system must also allow for subdivision into small groups, as knowledge transfer of the programme’s content takes place mainly through exercises and group discussions. However, the intention may be that guidance groups may, whenever possible, transition to physical encounters. The ICDP Sweden Foundation developed short videos with ICDP messages and produced two new booklets in spring and summer of 2020 and these are available from their webpage: https://www.icdp.se/.

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Report from Ethiopia

Several ICDP workshops for new facilitators took place in Hawassa, Addis Ababa and Bahir Dar, in February and March 2020.

 Hawassa and Addis Ababa: A group of 16 social workers from the Women and Children Affairs organization completed their ICDP facilitator level training and received their certificate on 7th of March 2020. Together they trained 80 caregivers and parents, while each caregiver was responsible for 10 to 20 children. Most of the trained caregivers work with disadvantage children in need of special care and protection.

The feedback from caregivers was positive according to Atnaf Berhanu, ICDP trainer: “The eight guidelines for good interaction gave caregivers a good orientation and as a result they started to practice new ways of interacting with the children in their care. The topic of how to follow the child’s initiative was found to be particularly important. One mother said that her daughter wanted to be a pilot, but she wanted her to be a medical doctor. After attending the ICDP sensitization meetings the mother said that she started to see the importance of following her daughter’s lead. 

I also held the second part of the ICDP training, both in Hawassa and in Addis Ababa. After the first training all participants made a short film of their own interaction with their children and/or with children of relatives. When we met, we watched the films together and we shared opinions through discussions about what we observed – and this helped most participants to understood the guidelines better. Most of the participants reported that the first ICDP training cycle had helped them to change their attitude towards children. One participant of ICDP training said:“This training is not only helping us to have a good interaction with our children, it is also helping us to consolidate a good interaction with our partners and colleagues at workplace.”

The two groups of facilitators, in Hawassa and in Addis Ababa, were motivated to continue with ICDP training and they will be recruiting 160 new parents and caregivers for training in the ICDP programme.

Bahir Dar: ICDP training has also started in Bahir Dar. The participants came from different parts of the region. Many came from far away, up to 6 hours’ drive by public transport. At the workshop all participants shared stories linked to their childhood experiences. They said that the ICDP training was very relevant for their communities and could help them to raise their children with love and understanding. They emphasized the importance of helping parents to see their children as persons and to guide them so that they can develop well. Many participants said they were determined to apply ICDP when they return home. 

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Activities in Ukraine

ICDP trainer Sergey Krasin informs:

On 12-13th  of February 2020, Anna Trukhan, ICDP Ukraine chair, conducted the workshop “Effective ways to support parents of pupils” at the Kharkov Humanitarian Pedagogical Academy.  The workshop was for senior methodologists from different kindergartens in Kharkov. The participants became acquainted with the history of ICDP, its basic principles, criteria and main features.

Apart from this, in the period up to March 2020, there were a lot of facilitators who continued to work in different organizations in Kharkov. They are conducting the ICDP trainings for parents and Anna and I provide supervisory assistance to them.

ICDP training was rolled out to parents through cooperation with the NGO “You Too”; facilitators Victoria Lepyokha, Elena Bondar and Elena Martynyuk conducted ICDP courses for 4 parent groups. The participants of these groups were parents who are faced with difficult life circumstances (such as having seriously ill relatives, or suffering due to death of a close relative, or struggling to cope being single mothers, or grandmothers who took grandchildren under their guardianship) as well as families who want to improve relationships with their children.

“We have three couples in one of these groups, which is very pleasing, as it is very good when both parents are interested in developing a good relationship with their child and are willing to take responsibility for it” – says facilitator Victoria Lepeha.

A very interesting team of facilitators works in the Kidsdream Private Kindergarten. The team consists of a mother and her son: Natalia Novachenko and Evgeny Fedak. They conduct ICDP trainings for parents of children with disabilities.

Anna and I plan to start training new groups of facilitators in Kharkiv and Odesa, as soon as the corona virus situation abates.  In that training we will apply our new programme including the PSEA training. So, in our organization, we are already preparing to implement the ICDP Protection from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA) policies and we will apply it to all our partners. We will also organize the same training for all facilitators, including those who have already been trained in the past. In the future, PSEA training will be integrated in the general ICDP training courses as mandatory. We are currently designing a new training programme at three levels:

1st level – Basic training in the eight ICDP guidelines.; 2nd level – ICDP Facilitator level; 3rd level – Regional trainer for regional work. This level will for very experienced facilitators. In this programme we plan to conduct PSEA training after the first level.

VIRTUAL CONFERENCE IN UKRAINE

ICDP trainer, Maria Gorskova was the key organiser of a conference for ICDP facilitators, which was conducted on Zoom, on the 17th of October 2020.

The aim of the conference was to share and motivate the ICDP facilitators at this time, when due to Covid-19 there are many difficulties and obstacles in their work. The conference proved to be a success, although the participation was smaller than planned.

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ICDP Newsletter

The ICDP Newsletter, the November issue is now available to read and download.

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ICDP makes strides in the Philippines

The ICDP team of trainers, led by Zenona Gread, made good progress throughout 2020. 

The ICDP programme is being rolled out by Save the Children as part of their parenting package, which combines ICDP with cash transfer and budgeting schemes. This is facilitated through positive cooperation with the government. Seventy new facilitators and over 1500 families received ICDP training.

At a recent network meeting, parents talked about the positive changes in their lives as a result of their participation in the parenting programme, emphasizing better and warmer interactions with their children. The event was filmed and the footage included a song celebrating symbolically the importance of the ICDP interactive topics.

Read below a short report from the ICDP trainers:

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New published article

The new research article about the Wawa Illari project in Peru is now freely available online.

It was published by Frontiers in Public Healtha multidisciplinary open-access journal which publishes rigorously peer-reviewed research and is at the forefront of disseminating scientific knowledge to researchers, academics, clinicians, policy makers and the public worldwide.

Follow the link below to find the published article: 

https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2020.567900

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Year 2020 in Russia

The local team continued to train in the ICDP programme throughout 2020.

In the Nizhny Novgorod City and the Nizhny Novgorod region, the ICDP programme was introduced in schools and preschools, as well as to university students. 

ICDP training was given to ten groups, which included psychologists, teachers and specialists of non-profit organizations. In total 128 participants attended the workshops.

Read below a short report from Oksana Isaeva.

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Completion of training in Moshi

On photo above: the 14 newly certified ICDP facilitators after receiving their certificates. 

Fourteen ICDP facilitators from Manyara region completed ICDP training in the autumn of 2020 by attending the final training from 17th to 19th of September. Their trainers were Verynice Frederick and Egla Matechi.

All fourteen facilitators held eight ICDP meetings with their respective groups of parents/caregivers and they all attended the final training workshop. At the workshop, they shared about their different experiences of working with parents, including any encountered difficulties. Some common challenges were identified, such as low participation of men and the participant parents’ difficulties in reaching the place of the meetings due to long distances.

Among other activities at the workshop, the sensitization principles were revised through role play. Some facilitators acted in role plays as parents and others as facilitators; it was an effective way of reviewing facilitators’ practical work.

The facilitators reported that they had observed positive changes in the parents’ relationship with their children and they showed a lot of interest and commitment to take ICDP to more parents/caregivers in their respective communities and at their working place. 

Two new parent groups have already started to receive ICDP.